The Quality of Oceanographic Parameters in the Waters of Setan Island, West Sumatera

Alan Nuari Sipahutar(1*), Rifardi Rifardi(2), Mubarak Mubarak(3),


(1) Department of Marine Science, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine, Universitas Riau
(2) Department of Marine Science, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine, Universitas Riau
(3) Department of Marine Science, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine, Universitas Riau
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This research was conducted from February to March 2023 in Setan island, West Sumatra. This study aimed to determine the sediment accumulation rate and coral cover, as well as the correlation between sediment accumulation rate and coral cover. The survey method was used in this research. The sediment accumulation rate was measured using a sediment trap. At the same time, the coral cover was observed using the underwater photo transect (UPT) method with a transect length of 50 m. The total suspended solid was analyzed using the Gravimetric method. Observations were made at four sampling points at depths of 3 and 6 m. The sediment accumulation rate at a depth of 3 m ranged from 0.946315 to 1.534992 mg/cm²/day, while at a depth of 6 meters, it ranged from 1.357756 to 1.607786 mg/cm²/day. The percentage of live coral cover at a depth of 3 meters ranged from 3.40% to 31.36%, and at a depth of 6 m, it ranged from 0.33% to 30.50%. The total suspended solids values ranged from 23 to 96 mg/L. Regression analysis showed that the sediment accumulation rate negatively influenced the percentage of live coral cover

Keywords


Coral; Oceanographic parameters; Sediment accumulation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adriman, A., Purbayanto, A., Damar, D. (2013). Pengaruh sedimentasi terhadap terumbu karang di Kawasan Konservasi Laut Daerah Bintan Timur Kepulauan Riau. Berkala Perikanan Terubuk, 41(1): 90-101.

Ampou, E.E., Susilo, E., Radiarta, I.N. (2020). Pemutihan karang di Perairan Bali Utara dan sekitarnya (Periode April - Mei 2020). Balai Riset dan Observasi Laut. 4 p.

Badriana, M.R., Avrionesti., Surya, M.Y., Abdurrahman, U., Pratyaksa, I.F., Hidayatullah, A.I., Wicaksono, M.A.A., Diastomo, H., Suprijo, T., Park, H., Hutahean, A.A. (2021). Potential coral implementation area for Indonesia coral reef garden in Nusa Dua, Bali. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 925 012024. 15 p.

Barus, B.S., Partono, T., Soedarma, D. (2018). Keterkaitan Sedimentasi dengan persen tutupan terumbu karang di perairan Teluk Lampung. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 10(1): 49-57.

Calado, R., Olivotto, I., Oliver, M.P., Holt, G.J. (2017). Marine ornamental species aquaculture. United Kingdom. 677 p.

Carlson, R.R., Li, J., Crowder, L.B., Asner, G.P. (2022). Large scale effects of turbidity on coral bleaching in the Hawaiian Islands. Frontiers in Marine Science, 15 p.

Comeau, S., Edmunds, P.J., Lantz, C.A., Carpenter, R.C. (2014). Water flow modulates the response of coral reef communities to ocean acidification. Scientific Reports, 6 p.

Dahlan, K., Haryati, E., Sokoy, Y.D., Togibasa, O., Sa’adah, U. (2021). Characterization of morphological and crystal structure of coral reefs samples from Depapre District, Papua. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1940 012029.

Dao, H. N., Vu, H.T., Kay, S., Sailley, S. (2021). Impact of seawater temperature on coral reefs in the context of climate change. A case study of Cu Lao Cham - Hoi an biosphere reserve. Frontiers in Marine Science, (8): 10 p.

Ding, D.S., Patel, A.K., Singhania, R.R., Chen, C.W., Dong, C.D. (2022). Effects of temperature and salinity on growth, metabolism and digestive enzymes synthesis of Goniopora columna. Biology, 19 p.

Fabricius, K.E. (2005). Effects of terrestrial runoff on the ecology of corals and coral reefs: review and synthesis. Marine Pollution Bulletin: 125-146.

Ginoga, D.A., Katili, D.Y., Papu, A. (2016). Kondisi tutupan karang di Desa Ratatotok Timur Kabupaten Minahasa Tenggara. Jurnal Fmipa Unsrat, 5(1): 14-19.

Giyanto, G., Mudjianto, M., Hukom, F.D., Picasouw, J., Unyang, S., Haryanto, R., Djuwariah, D., Tanda, L., Alvi, A., Sitepu, B., Sidiq, A., Samsuardi, S., Amrullah, M.Y., Zai, Y., Gea, J., Siregar, A.P. (2018). Monitoring kesehatan terumbu karang dan ekosistem terkait di Kabupaten Nias Utara Tahun 2018. P20 LIPI. 97 p.

Hadi, T.A. (2017). Impacts of sedimentation on stony corals. Oseana, 42(2): 45-58.

Hadi, T.A., Abrar, M., Giyanto., Prayudha, B., Johan, O., Budiyanto, A., Dzumalek, A.R., Alifatri, L.O., Sulha, S., Suharsono. (2019). The status of Indonesian corals reefs. Jakarta: Puslit Oseanografi-LIPI. 88 p.

Hennige, S.J., Smith, D.J., Perkins, R., Consalvey, M., Paterson, D.M., Sugget, D.J. (2008). Photoacclimation, growth and distribution of massive coral species in clear and turbid water. Marine Ecology Progress Series, (369): 77-78.

Khaidir, K., Thamrin, T., Tanjung, A. (2020). Kondisi kesehatan terumbu karang di Kawasan Wisata Bahari Terpadu (KWBT) Mandeh Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan Provinsi Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Berkala Perikanan Terubuk, 48(3).

Koroy, K., Alwi, D., Paraisu, N.G. (2020). Pengaruh laju sedimentasi terhadap tutupan terumbu karang di Perairan Kota Daruba, Kabupaten Pulau Morotai. Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan, 9(2): 193-199.

Kuanui, P., Chavanich, S., Viyakarn, V., Omori, M., Fujita, T., Lin, C. (2019). Effect of light intensity on survival and photosynthetic efficiency of cultured corals of different ages. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 6 p.

Limmon, G.V., & Manuputty, G.D. (2021). Coral reef condition at north coastal of Haruku Island Maluku Tengah. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 777 012042. 10 p.

Limmon, G.V., & Marasabessy, A.M. (2019). Impact of sedimentation on coral reefs in inner Ambon Bay, Indonesia. IOP. Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 339 012035. 7 p.

Miththapala, S. (2008). Coral reefs coastal ecosystem series. Colombo Sri Lanka: ecosystem and livelihoods group Asia. IUCN, (1): 1-36.

Nirwan., Syahdan, M., Salim, D. (2017). Studi kerusakan ekosistem terumbu karang di Kawasan Wisata Bahari Pulau Liukang Loe Kabupaten Bulukumba Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Kelautan, 1(1): 12-22.

Nybakken, J.W. (2018). Marine biology: an ecological approach. in H. Muhammad Eidman., D. Geoffrey Bengen., M. Hutomo., S. Sukardjo. PT Gramedia. Jakarta. 480 p.

Osinga, R., Janssen, M., Jansen, M. (2008). The role of light in coral physiology and its implications for coral husbandry. Public Aquarium Husbandry Series, 2: 173-183.

Osinga, R., Schutter, M., Griffioen, B., Wijffels, R.H., Verreth, J.A.J., Shafir, S., Henard, S., Taruffi, M., Gili, C., Lavorano, S. (2011). The biology and economics of coral growth. Marine Biotechnology, 13: 658-671.

Parenden, D., Jompa, J., Rani, C. (2021). Condition of hard corals and quality of the turbid waters in Spermonde Islands (case studies in Kayangan Island, Samalono Island and Kondingareng Keke Island). IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 921 012060. 10

Pastorok, R.A., & Bilyard, G.R. (1985). Effects of sewage pollution on coral reef communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series, (21): 175-189.

Patty, S.I., & Akbar, N. (2018). Kondisi suhu, salinitas, pH, dan oksigen terlarut di perairan terumbu karang Ternate, Tidore dan sekitarnya. Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan Kepulauan, 1(2): 1-10.

Patty, S.I., Huwae, R., Kainama, F. (2020). Variasi musiman suhu, salinitas dan temperatur air laut di perairan Selat Lembeh, Sulawesi Utara. Jurnal Ilmiah Platax, 8(1): 110-117.

Paulangan, Y.P., Fahrudin, A., Sutrisno, D., Bengen, D.G. (2019). Distribution and condition of coral reef ecosystem in Tanah Merah Bay, Jayapura, Papua, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux, 12(2): 502-512.

Perdana, M.H., Thamrin., Nursyirwani. (2019). Kondisi terumbu karang di perairan Pulau Tidung Kepulauan Seribu Jakarta. Jurnal Online Mahasiswa Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan. 10 p.

Purnomo, T. (2019). Biodiversity and existing condition of coral reef ecosystem in Kondang Merak Beach Malang. Atlantis Press. 95: 28-33.

Puryono, S., Anggoro, S., Suryanti, S., Anwar, I.S. (2019). Pengelolaan pesisir dan laut berbasis ekosistem. Semarang. Universitas Diponegoro. 284 p.

Putra, R.D., Surinati, D., Mulyono, A., Narulita, I., Djuwansah, M.R., Wirayuhanto, H., Yulada, M.R., Saputra, A.C., Hukom, F.D., Sari, T.E.Y. (2023). Oceanographic conditions and sedimentation in the Kawal River Bintan Island and impact on the prevalence of coral disease. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 1148 012028. 13 p.

Rifardi. (2012). Edisi revisi ekologi sedimen laut modern. Pekanbaru. UR Press. 167 p.

Rifardi. (2021). The bottom surface sediment transport changes in bathymetry in the Rupat Strait, Riau Province, Indonesia. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 934 012054. 8 p.

Rifardi., & Mubarak. (2022). Profile of suspended sediment concentration in narrow channel. AACL Bioflux, 15(3): 1435-1443.

Rifardi., Mubarak., Elizal., Nurhuda, A., Aristi, F. (2020). Sediment transport model from Dumai river estuary to the Rupat Strait, Riau Province, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux, 13(6): 3447-3458.

Risk, M.J., & Endinger, E. (2011). Impacts of sediment on coral reefs. Encylopedia of Modern Coral Reefs: 576-586.

Rizka, R.F., Purnomo, P.W., Sabdaningsih, A. (2020). pengaruh total suspended solid (TSS) terhadap densitas zooxanthellae pada karang Acropora sp. dalam skala laboratorium. Jurnal Pasir Laut, 4(2): 95-101.

Rogers, C.S., & Scharron, E.R. (2022). Assesing effects of sediment delivery to coral reefs: a Caribbean watershed perspective. Frontiers in Marine Science, (8): 23 p.

Roswaty, S., Muskananfola, M.R., Purnomo, P.W. (2014). Tingkat sedimentasi di muara Sungai Wedung Kecamatan Wedung, Demak. Journal of Maquares, 3(2): 129-137.

Samlansin, K., Chawakitchareon, P., Rungsupa, S. (2020). Effects of salinity and nitrate on coral health levels of Acropora sp. Thai Environmental Engineering Journal, 34(1): 19-26.

Sari, T.E., & Usman. (2012). Studi parameter fisika dan kimia daerah penangkapan ikan perairan Selat Asam Kabupaten Kepulauan Meranti Provinsi Riau. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, 17(1): 88-100.

Schoepf, V., Stat, M., Falter, J.L., McCulloch, M.T. (2015). Limits to the thermal tolerance of coral adapted to a highly fluctuating, naturally extreme temperature environment. Scientific Reports, 14 p.

Siswanto, A.D., & Nugraha, W.A. (2014). Studi parameter oseanografi di perairan Selat Madura Kabupaten Bangkalan. Jurnal Kelautan, 7(1): 41-45.

Subhan, S., & Afu, L.O.A. (2017). Pengaruh laju sedimentasi terhadap rekrutmen karang di Teluk Kendari, Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan, 24(2): 73-80.

Sukri, A., Effendi, I., Hastuti, R., Ramdani, A., Lukitasari, M. (2020). The effect of coral reef comic media implementation on student environmental care attitude in Indonesia. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1464 01028. 7 p.

Sully, S., Burkepile, D.E., Donovan, M.K., Hodgson, G., Woesik, R.V. (2019). A global analysis of coral bleaching over the past two decades. Nature Communications, 16 p.

Suryono., Wibowo, E., Ario, R., Taufik, N.S.P.J., Nuraini, R.A.T. (2018). Kondisi terumbu karang di perairan Pantai Empu Rancak, Mlonggo, Kabupaten Jepara. Jurnal Kelautan Tropis, 21(1): 49-54.

Tanjung, A. (2014). Rancangan percobaan. Bandung: Penerbit Tantaramesta. 114 p.

Thirukanthan, C.S., Azra, M.N., Lananan, F., Sara, G., Grinfelde, I., Rudovica, V., Gaile, Z.V., Burlakovs, J. (2023). The evolution of coral reef under changing climate a scientometric review. Animals, 33 p.

True, J.D. (2012). Salinity as a structuring force for near shore coral communities. Proceeding of the 12th International Coral Reef Symposyum, Cairns, Australia. 7 p.

Tuttle, L.J., Donahue, M.J. (2020). Thresholds for sediment stress on corals. University of Hawai'I at Manoa Hawai'I Institute of Marine Biology. 75 p.

Tuttle, L.J., Johnson, C., Kolinski, S., Minton, D., Donahue, M.J. (2020). How does sediment exposure affect corals? A systematic review protocol. Environmental Evidence, 7 p.

Vogel, N., Meyer, F.W., Wild, C., Uthicke, S. (2015). Decreased light availability can amplify negative impacts of ocean acidification on calcifying coral reef organism. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 521: 49-61.

Whitall, D., & Bricker, S. (2021). Examining ambient turbidity and total suspended solid data in South Florida towards development of coral specific water quality criteria. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 297. Silver Spring, USA. 22 p.

Widiarti, R., Fadillah, M.F., Johan, O. (2016). Effect of light intensity abundance of zooxanthellae on large polyp stony corals at Panggang Island waters, based on depth differences. International Seminar Sustainable Utilization of Coastal Resources in Tropical Zone, Bengkulu, Indonesia. 82-87.

Wilkinson, C., Salvat, B., Eakin, C.M., Brathwaite, A., Filho, R.F., Webster, N., Ferreira, B.P., Harris, P. (2016). Chapter 43. Tropical and subtropical coral reefs. United Nations. 42 p.

Winnarsih, W., Emiyarti, E., Afu, L.O.A. (2016). Distribusi total suspended solid permukaan di perairan Teluk Kendari. Sapa Laut, 1(2): 54-59.

Xin, L.H., Adzis, K.A.A., Hyde, J., Cob, Z.C. (2016). Growth performance of Acropora formosa in natural reefs and coral nurseries for reef restoration. AACL Bioflux, 9(5): 1090-1100.

Zamani, N.P. (2015). Kelimpahan Acanthaster planci sebagai indikator kesehatan karang di perairan Pulau Tunda, Kabupaten Serang, Banten. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 7(11): 273-286

Zurba, N. (2019). Pengenalan terumbu karang sebagai pondasi utama laut kita. Unimal Press. Aceh. 23 p


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 58 times
PDF - 34 times

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/jpk.29.1.1-10

Copyright (c) 2024 Alan Nuari Sipahutar, Rifardi Rifardi, Mubarak Mubarak

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Gedung Marine Center Lt 2. Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan Universitas Riau

 Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.