The Effect of Maggot Flour Substitution in Artificial Feed Formulations on the Growth and Survival of Snakehead (Channa striata)

Muhammad Rizky Prananda(1*), Kiki Haetami(2), Asep Agus Handaka Suryana(3), Roffi Grandiosa Herman(4),


(1) Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran
(2) Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran
(3) Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran
(4) Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The high price of fish meal is also a reason for alternatives and better protein sources. This research aims to substitute fish meal with maggot meal in feed for snakehead fish's growth rate and survival. The method used in this research is the experimental method of Completely Randomized Design (CRD), which consists of five treatments and three replications. The treatments used were (A) without the use of maggot flour (control), (B) 15% maggot flour substitution, (C) 30% maggot flour substitution, (D) 45% maggot flour substitution, (E) 60% maggot flour substitution, which was maintained for 50 days. The test fish used were snakehead fish with a 9-10 cm length and weighing 7-9 g. The container used is an aquarium with dimensions of 40x26x28 cm3 or a water volume of 15 L, in which five snakehead fish are placed in each aquarium. The amount of feed given is 5% of the fish biomass. The results obtained during the research showed that treatment E with the substitution of fishmeal for maggot meal at 60% of the feed resulted in the highest absolute length growth of 4.0 cm, the highest specific growth rate of 2.54%, and survival of 87%.

Keywords


Snakehead Fish; Specific Growth Rate; Maggot Flour

Full Text:

PDF

References


[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. (2010). Statistik kelautan dan perikanan. Pusat Data Statistik dan Informasi (Pusdatin) Kementrian Kelautan dan Perikanan. Jakarta.

Amin, M., Bolch, C.J.S., Adams, M.B., Burke, C.M. (2017). Isolation of alginate lyase-producing bacteria and screening for their potential characteristics as Abalone probionts. Aquaculture Research, 48: 5614-5623

Andriyan, M.F., Rahmaningsih, S., Firmani, U. (2018). Pengaruh salinitas terhadap tingkat kelangsungan hidup dan profil darah ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus) yang diberi kombinasi pakan dan buah mengkudu (Morinda citriffolia L.). Jurnal Perikanan Pantura, 1(1).

Effendie, M.I. (1997). Biologi perikanan. Yayasan Pustaka Nusantara. Yogyakarta.

Fauzi, R.U.A., Sari, E.R.N. (2018). Analisis usaha budidaya magot sebagai alternatif pakan lele. Jurnal Teknologi dan Manajemen Agroindustri, 7(1): 39-46

Fitriani, F., Helmi, H., Rih, L.U. (2023). Pemanfaatan maggot (Hermetia illucens) sebagai pakan alternatif dengan kombinasi pakan pelet terhadap pertumbuhan dan sintasan ikan gabus (Channa striata). Jurnal Indobiosains, 5(1).

Hardianti, H., & Widodo, W. (2016). Nutrisi ikan. UMM Press. Malang. p271

Harpaz, S. (2005). L-Carnitine and its attributed functions in fish culture and nutrition. Aquaculture, 3-21.

Hartami, P., Prananda, S.N., Erlangga, E. (2015). Tingkat densitas populasi magot pada media yang berbeda. Jurnal Berkala Perikanan Terubuk, 43(2).

Hidayat, D., Sasanti, A.D. (2013). Kelangsungan hidup, pertumbuhan dan efisiensi pakan ikan gabus (Channa striata) yang diberi pakan berbahan baku tepung keong mas (Pomacea sp). Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia, 1(2): 161-172.

Hirano, S. (1986). Chitin and chitosan. Republica of Germany: Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. 5th. pp. 231-232.

Hue, J., Pan, H., Liang, W., Xiao, D., Chen, X., Guo, M., He, J. (2017). Prognostic effect of albumin to globulin ratio in patients with solid tumors: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Cancer, 8(19): 4002-4010.

Knorr, D. (1984). Functional properties of chitin and chitosan. Food Technology, 38(1): 85-97.

Kusumaningsih, T., Masykur, A., Arief, U. (2004). Pembuatan kitosan dari kitin cangkang bekicot. Jurnal Biofarmasi, 2(2): 64-68.

Listyanto, N., Andriyanto, S. (2009). Ikan gabus (Channa striata) manfaat pengembangan dan alternatif teknik budidayanya. Media Akuakultur, 4(1): 18-25.

Marganov, M. (2003). Potensi limbah crustacea sebagai penyerap logam berat (timbal, kadmium, dan tembaga) di perairan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Mattjik, A.A., Sumertajaya, I.M. (2000). Perancangan percobaan dengan aplikasi SAS dan Minitab jilid I (Cetakan keempat). IPB Press. Bogor. p145.

Mulqan, M., Rahimi, S.A.E.R., Dewiyanti, I. (2017). Pertumbuhan dan kelangsungan hidup benih ikan nila gesit (Oreochromis niloticus) pada sistem akuaponik dengan jenis tanaman yang berbeda. Fakultas Kelautan dan Perikanan. Universitas Syiah Kuala Darussalam. Banda Aceh.

Muslim, M., Syaifudin, M. (2012). Domestikasi calon induk ikan gabus (Channa striata) dalam lingkungan budidaya (kolam beton). Majalah Ilmiah Sriwijaya, 21(15): 20-27.

Nangoy, M.M., Montong, M.E.R., Utiah, W., Regar, M.N. (2017). Pemanfaatan tepung manure hasil degradasi larva lalat hitam (Hermetia illucens L) terhadap performans ayam kampung fase layer. Jurnal Zootek, 37(2): 370- 377.

Newton, G.L., Sheppard, D.C., Watson, D.W., Burtle, G.J., Dove, C.R. (2005). Using the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens, as a value-added tool for the management of swine manure. Report of the Animal and Poultry Waste Management Center, North Carolina State University. Raleigh (US): North Carolina State University.

Nur, A. (2011). Manajemen pemeliharaan udang vaname. Kementrian Kelautan Perikanan. Jakarta

Rozi, A.T.M., Samara, S.H., Santanumurti, M.B. (2019). The effect of chitosan in feed on growth, survival rate and feed utilization efficiency of nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada, 20(2).

Santoso, L., Agusmansyah, H. (2011). Pengaruh substitusi tepung kedelai dengan tepung biji karet pada pakan buatan terhadap pertumbuhan ikan bawal air tawar (Colossoma macropomum). Berkala Perikanan Terubuk, 39(2).

Sundari, S., Zuprizal, Z., Yuwanta, T., Martin, R. (2013). Metabolizable energi of ration added with nanocapsule of turmeric extract on broiler chicken. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Agriculture, 38(1): 41-46.

Wahono, B.A. (2016). Efektivitas substitusi protein tepung ikan dengan protein tepung magot (Hermetia illucens) pada formulasi pakan terhadap kelulushidupan dan pertumbuhan ikan gabus (Channa Striata). Universitas Brawijaya. Malang.

Webster, C.D., Lim, C. (2002). Nutrients requirements and feeding of finfish for aquaculture. CABI Publishing. CAB International Wallingford Oxon. UK. 418p


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 34 times
PDF - 23 times

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/jpk.29.2.145-151

Copyright (c) 2024 Muhammad Rizky Prananda, Kiki Haetami, Asep Agus Handaka Suryana, Roffi Grandiosa Herman

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Gedung Marine Center Lt 2. Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan Universitas Riau

 Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.