The Effect of Probiotics on Bacillus sp Population, Water Quality, and Growth Rate of Striped Catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) in Pounds without Water Change

Azam Bachur Zaidy, Tatty Yuniarti, Yuke Eliyani

Abstract


This study aims to determine the effect of adding probiotics to water quality, Bacillus sp population, and production performance of catfish. Completely randomized design experiment with three treatments ponds without probiotics without changing water (NN), ponds plus probiotics without changing water (PNW), and ponds given probiotics with 10% water change per day (PW). three replications each. The results showed that the water quality in the experimental pond was still within the acceptable range for fish growth. The TOM levels of the ponds that were given probiotics were lower than the control ponds. The PNW ponds with the lowest TOM levels turned out to have the highest TAN levels. The population of Bacillus sp in NN, PNW, and PW ponds was not significantly different (P>0.05), however, the population of Bacillus PNW was 42.51% higher than NN, while PW was 17.38% higher than NN ponds. The abundance of plankton and the uniformity index of NN, PNW, and PW ponds were not significantly different (P>0.05). The abundance of plankton in NN was 203% higher than PNW and PW was 73% higher than PNW ponds. The growth rate and individual weight gain were significantly different (P<0.05), the growth rate of the PNW pond was higher than that of the NN pond, while the PW pond was the same as the PNW and NN ponds. The highest additional individual weight was in the PW pond, followed by the PNW pond and the lowest in the NN pond. Survival and biomass addition were not significantly different (P>0.05).

Keywords


Bacteria; Striped Catfish; Probiotics

Full Text:

PDF

References


AOAC. 2005. Association of Officiating Analytical Chemists (18th ed.). AOAC.

APHA. 2017. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (E. W. Rice, R. B. Baird, & A. D. Eaton (eds.); 23rd ed.). AWWA (American Water Works Association).

Arfiati, D., Lailiyah, S., Dina, K.H dan Cokrowati, N. 2020. Dinamika jumlah bakteri Bacillus subtilis dalam penurunan kadar bahan organik TOM limbah budidaya ikan lele sangkuriang (Claris gariepinus). JFMR Journal of Fisheries and Marine Reseach, 4 (2): 222-226.

Beauty, G., Yustiati, A., Grandiosa, R. 2012. Pengaruh dosis mikroorganisme probiotik pada media pemeliharaan terhadap kelangsungan hidup dan pertumbuhan benih mas koki (Carasius auratus) dengan padat penebaran berbeda. Jurnal Perikanan Kelautan 3(3).

Budianto, B; Suprayanti, H. 2017. Aktivitas antagonis Bacillus subtilis terhadap Streptococcus iniae dan Pseudomonas fluorencens. J Veteriner 18, 409-415.

Gabriela, M; Ferrira, P; Melo F. P; Paulo, J; Lima V, Andrade, H.A. 2017. Bioremediation and biocontrol of commercial probiotic in marine shrimp culture with biofloc. Latin American Journal of Aquaculture research, 45 (10): 176-176.

Khademzade, O., Zakeri, M., Haghi, M dan Mousavi, S. M. 2020. The effect of water additivee Bacillus cereus and Pediococcus acidilactici on water quality, growth performances, economic benefits, immunohematology and bacterial flora of whiteleg shrimp (Penaeus nannamei Boone, 19310 reared in earthe ponds. Aquaculture Research, 51(5): 1759-1770.

Lukwambe, B., Qiuqian, L., Wu, J., Zhang, D., Wamg, K dan Zheng, Z. 2015. The effects of commercial microbial agents (probiotics) on phytoplankton community structure in intensive white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) aquaculture pond. Aquaculture International, 23 (6): 1443-1455.

Padmavthi, P., Sunitha, K; dan Veeraiah, K. 2012.. Efficacy of probiotics in improving water quality and bacterial flora in fish pond. African Journal of Micrpbiology Research, 6 (49): 7471-7478.

Pant, B., Lohani, V., Mishra, Trakroo, M.D dan Tewari , H. 2019. Effect of probiotic upplementation on growth of carp fingerlings. National Academy Science Letters 42 (3): 215-220.

Pratama, W.D dan Manan, A. 2017. Pengaruh pemberian probiotik berbeda dalam sistem akuaponik terhadap kualitas air pada budidaya ikan lele (Clarias sp). Journal of Aquaculture Science, 1(1): 27-35.

Rachmawati, D., Samidjan, I dan Setyono, H. Manajamen Kualitas Media Budidaya Ikan Lele Sangkuring (Claris gariepinus) dengan Teknik Probiotik pada Kolam Terpal di Dea Vokasi Reksosari, Kecamatan Suruh. Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, 12 (1).

Sukoco, F, A., Rahardja, B.S., Manan, A. 2017. Pengaruh pemberian probiotik berbeda dalam sistem akuaponik terhadap FCR (feed conversion ratio) dan biomassa ikan lele (Clarias sp). Journal of Aquaculture and Fish Health 6 (1) 24-31.

Takaichi, S. 2011. Carotenoid in algae: Distribution, Biosynthesis and Functions,. Mar. Drug 9,1101-1118, https://doi.org/10.3390/md9061101.

Zheng, X., Tang, J., Ren, G., Wang, Y. 2017. The effect of four microbial product on production performance and water quality in intergrated culture of freshwater pearl mussel and fishes. Aquaculture Research 48 (9): 4897-4909.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/jpk.27.1.32-36

Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

JURNAL PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN
Gedung Marine Center Lt 2. Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan Universitas Riau

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.