Habitat Characteristics and Population Structure of Bamboo Shells (Solen lamarckii, Chenu 1984) in the Intertidal Zone of Apiapi Village, Bandar Laksamana District Bengkalis

Marya Ulfa, Syafruddin Nasution, Afrizal Tanjung

Abstract


The study about habitat characteristics and population structure razor clam (Solen lamarckii, Chenu 1984) in intertidal zone Apiapi Village Bandar Laksamana District Bengkalis Regency conducted on January 2020. The purpose of this study was to analyze about habitat characteristics and population structure of razor clam and the correlation between substrate particle size and population density of razor clam. The habitat parameters measured include the physical and chemical parameters of sea waters. Determination of the station using purposive sampling method. Razor clam samples were collected by using a 1 x 1 m2 frame that laid along a transect. There were 4 plots and 3 subplots along the transect as replications. The result showed, the sediment tipe was sandy substrate, organic material was low, total suspended solid was high. Population density of razor clams was 3.3-23.3 Ind/m2. The distribution pattern of razor clams through each plot was uniform. While, the most common size of razor clam 5.04-5.62 cm. The correlation between particle size and population density of razor clam was strong.


Keywords


Solen lamarckii; habitat characteristic; Apiapi Village

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahyuni, M., Izmiarti, dan Afrizal. 2014. Kepadatan Populasi dan Distribusi Ukuran Kerang Contradens sp. di Perairan Tanjung Mutiara Danau Singkarak, Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Biologi Universitas Andalas, 3(3):168-174.

Basri, S.N., Bahtiar, dan L. Anadi. 2019. Pertumbuhan, Mortalitas dan Tingkat Pemanfaatan Kerang Pokea (Batissa violacea Var. celebensis Von Martens, 1897) di Sungai Laeya Konawe Selatan Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 19 (1):79 – 89.

Brower, J. E., J. H. Zar, and C.N.V. Ende. 1989. Field and Laboratory Method of General Ecology. Fourth Edition. 273. Mc Graw-Hill Publication Boston, USA.

Islami, M.M. 2013. Pengaruh Suhu dan Salinitas Terhadap Bivalvia. Jurnal oseana, 38(2)1-10.

Keputusan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup No. 51 tahun 2004. Tentang Baku Mutu Air Laut. Kantor Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup, Jakarta.

Nurjanah, Kustiariyah, dan S. Rusyadi. 2008. Karakteristik Gizi dan Potensi Pengembangan Kerang Pisau (Solen spp) di Perairan Kabupaten Pamekasan Madura. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, 13(1): 41-51.

Otero, A.H., C.M., Castro, E. Vazquez, and G. Macho. 2014. Reproductive Cycle of Ensis magnus in the Ria de Pontevedra (NW Spain): Spatial Variability and Fisheries Management Implications. Journal of Sea Research, 91: 45-57.

Ramadhan M.F., S. Nasution, dan Efriyeldi. 2017. Karakteristik Habitat dan Populasi Kerang Bambu (Solen lamarckii) di Zona Intertidal Desa Teluk Lancar Kecamatan Bantan Kabupaten Bengkalis. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, 22(1): 36-43.

Ruslin, M., M. Ramli, dan W. Nurgayah. 2019. Kepadatan dan Pola Distribusi Saccostrea cucullata di Perairan Teluk Kendari. Sapa Laut, 4(3): 135-142.

Rinyod, A.M.R, and S.A.K.A. Rahim. 2011. Reproductive Cycle of The Razor Clam Solen regularis Dunker, 1862 In the Western Part of Sarawak, Malaysia, Based on Gonadal Condition Index. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 6:10-18.

Rochmady., S.B.A. Omar, dan L.S. Tandipayuk. 2011. Analisis Perbandingan Pertumbuhan Populasi Kerang Lumpur (Anodontia edentula, Linnaeus 1758) Di Perairan Kepulauan Tobea dan Lambiku, Kecamatan Napabalano, Kabupaten Muna. Jurnal Ilmiah agribisnis dan Perikanan, 4(1):15-21.

Sitorus, D.B.R. 2008. Keanekaragaman dan Distribusi Bivalvia serta Kaitannya dengan Faktor Fisik-Kimia di Perairan Pantai Labu Kabupaten Deli Serdang. Tesis. Universitas Sumatra Utara. Medan. 85 hlm

Subiyanto, A. Hartoko, dan K. Umah. 2013. Struktur Sedimen dan Sebaran Kerang Pisau (Solen lamarckii) di Pantai Kejawanan Cirebon Jawa Barat. Journal of Management of Aquatic Resources, 2(3): 65-73.

Sugiharto, M. 2006. Identifikasi Sumbun di Perairan Tanjung Solok. Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur. Propinsi Jambi.

Sugiyono. 2008. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan RD. Bandung : ALFABETA.

Tanjung, A. 2014. Rancangan Percobaan. Tantaramesta. Bandung, 114 hlm.

Wahyuni E.A., Insafitri, G. Ciptadi, dan M.N. Ihsan. 2016. Distribusi Solen sp. di Perairan Kabupaten Bangkalan. Jurnal Kelautan, 9(1):17-22.

Wahyuni, E. A., Insafitri, G. Ciptadi, dan M. N. Ihsan. 2015. Ekologi Kerang Pisau (Solen sp.) di Perairan Kabupaten Sampang. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kelautan dan Perikanan V. FPIK. Universitas Brawijaya. Malang.

Zulkifli, M., S. Nasution, dan Efriyeldi. 2020. Relationship of the Organic Materials in Sediment with Density of Solen lamarckii in Intertidal Zone of Api-Api Village, Bengkalis. Journal of Coastal and Ocean Sciences, 1(1): 74-82




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/jpk.25.3.184-193

JURNAL PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN Gedung Marine Center Lt 2. Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan Universitas Riau

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.