Analysis of the Level of Abrasion on the Coast of Bukit Batu Sub-District, Bengkalis Regency, Riau

Elisa Paramita, Rifardi Rifardi, Feliatra Feliatra

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to determine the rate of shoreline change and the level of abrasion in Bukit Batu District, Bengkalis Regency, Riau Province based on several physical variables in the coastal area. End Point Rate (EPR) is a method that can be used to calculate the rate of shoreline change by displaying transects according to their category (high abrasion, medium abrasion, low abrasion, stable, and accretion). From 1991-2021 there was an abrasion of ±139.71 meters equivalent to ±4.65 m/year which mostly occurred in Sukajadi Village and Pangkalan Jambi Village, while accretion of ±27.51 meters equivalent to ±1.58 m/year mostly occurred in Pakning Asal Village and Sejangat Village. Moderate abrasion is the predominant type. Sukajadi and Pangkalan Jambi are villages that have experienced high levels of abrasion. The area affected by abrasion has moderate and fast currents as well as coastal protection in the form of mangroves, most of which have been damaged and require repairs. Therefore, the main factors causing the abrasion are thought to be the lack of coastal protection and high-speed currents and waves flowing from the Malacca Strait.

Keywords


Abrasion; Accretion; Landsat Image; Bukit Batu District

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aboudha, P.A.O & C.D. Woodroffe. (2010). Assessing Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise Using a Coastal Sensitivity Index: a Case Study from Shouteast Australia. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 14(3): 189-205.

Aris, M., E. Rahayu, & A. Triyanti. (2015). Peran Kearifan Lokal dan Modal Sosial dalam Pengurangan Risiko Bencana dan Pembangunan Pesisir. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Awalia, W.R. (2014). Studi Pemanfaatan Arus Laut Sebagai Sumber Energi Terbarukan. Surabaya: Institut Sepuluh Nopember.

Ayunarita, S., Elizal, & M. Ghalib. (2017). Studi Pola Arus, Pasang Surut dan Gelombang di Perairan Pantai Pelawan Desa Pangke, Kecamatan Meral, Kabupaten Karimun, Provinsi Kepulauan Riau. Pekanbaru: Universitas Riau.

Dianawati, R., & L.W. Santosa. (2016.) Kajian Erosi Pantai di Kawasan Pantai Muarareja, Kota Tegal, Jawa Tengah. Jurnal Bumi Indonesia, 5(2): 4.

Guntur, M. (2017). Kajian Kelembagaan Pengelolaan Wilayah Pesisir Teluk Kiluan, Provinsi Lampung sebagai Kawasan Pariwisata. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Halim., Halili, & L. Afu. (2016). Studi Perubahan Garis Pantai dengan Pendekatan Penginderaan Jauh di Wilayah Pesisir Kecamatan Soropia. Jurnal Sapa Laut, 1(1): 24-31.

Jadidi, A., M.A. Mostafavi., Y. Bédard., B. Long, & E. Grenier. (2013). Using Geospatial Business Intelligence Paradigm to Design a Multidimensional Conceptual Model for Efficient Coastal Erosion Risk Assessment. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 14(1): 527-543.

Kusumaningtyas, A.I. (2020). Analisis Perubahan Garis Pantai dan Evaluasi Luasan Penggunaan Lahan Pesisir di Kecamatan Brondong Kabupaten Lamongan Jawa Timur. Surabaya: UIN Sunan Ampel.

Lubis, A.R. (2018). Analisis Profil Pantai (Studi Kasus: Kawasan Pantai Mutiara Kecamatan Pantai Cermin). Medan: Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Purwanto, W., D.M. Haryanto, & R.I. Priyambada. (2020). Study of Abration Management in Pangkalan Jambi Village, Bengkalis District. Seminar Nasional Managemen Bencana 2020, Bengkalis.

Putra, S.A. (2019). Tingkat Perubahan Garis Pantai Menggunakan Metode Analisis Regresi Linier. Jurnal UNITEK, 12(2): 98-106.

Rachmani, C., Rifardi, & M. Ghalib. (2017). Analisis Sedimen dan Perubahan Garis Pantai Desa Meskom, Kecamatan Bengkalis, Provinsi Riau. Pekanbaru: Universitas Riau.

Ramadhan, M.I. (2013). Panduan Pencegahan Bencana Abrasi Pantai. Bandung: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Saengsupavanich, C. (2019). Willingness to Restore Jetty-created Erosion at a Famous Tourism Beach. Ocean Coastal Management, 178(1): 10-17.

Santoro, D., M. Yamin, & M. Mahrus. (2019). Penyuluhan Tentang Mitigasi Bencana Tsunami Berbasis Hutan Mangrove di Desa Ketapang Raya Kecamatan Keruak Lombok Timur. Jurnal Magister Pendidikan IPA, 1(2): 12-16.

Sari, T.E.Y., & Usman. (2012). Studi Parameter Fisika dan Kimia Daerah Penangkapan Ikan Perairan Selat Asam Kabupaten Meranti Provinsi Riau. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, 17(1): 88-100.

Setiani, M.F., M.Z. Fuad, M.Z., & D.K. Saputra. (2017). Deteksi Perubahan Garis Pantai Menggunakan Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) di Pesisir Timur Kabupaten Probolinggo. Jawa Timur: Universitas Brawijaya.

Sibarani, U. D., Siregar, Y.I., & Galib, M. (2019). Kandungan Bahan Organik Sedimen dan Kelimpahan Makrozoobentos di Perairan Sungai Pakning Kabupaten Bengkalis. Pekanbaru: Universitas Riau.

Sutikno, S. (2014). Deteksi Perubahan Garis Pantai di Kabupaten Jembrana Bali dengan Menggunakan Teknologi Penginderaan Jauh. Jurnal Kelautan Nasional, 10(1): 13-19.

Thieler, E.R. (2009). Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) Version 4.0-An ArcGis Extension for Calculating Shoreline Change. United States: Geological Survey.

United States Geological Survey. (2022). https://earthexplorer.usgs.gov/ . Diakses pada Maret 2022




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/jpk.27.3.319-327

Copyright (c) 2022 Elisa Paramita, Rifardi Rifardi, Feliatra Feliatra

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Gedung Marine Center Lt 2. Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan Universitas Riau

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.